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book chapter

The concept of the global hunger index

The Global Hunger Index (GHI) is a tool designed to comprehensively measure and track hunger at the global, regional, and national levels. The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) calculates GHI scores each year to assess progress and…

book chapter

Policy recommendations

Although enough food is produced globally to feed the world, hunger persists—largely the product of various and severe inequalities. Yet neither hunger nor inequality is inevitable; both are rooted in uneven power relations that often are perpetuated…

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Global, regional, and national trends

As the issue of famine looms large, it is easy to lose sight of the progress that has been made in the fight against hunger and undernutrition. The 2017 Global Hunger Index shows positive developments on many fronts, but there are still deep…

book chapter

Inequality, hunger, and malnutrition: Power matters

The uneven distribution of hunger and nutrition reflects the unequal distribution of power in the food system. In its hourglass shape, the power at the center amplifies poverty and marginalization at both ends of the system: at one end, small-scale…

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Food security stocks: Economic and operational issues

The use of public food stocks for food security purposes is a hotly debated topic in international trade negotiations on agriculture within the World Trade Organization (WTO). Regardless of the legal standing of food stocks under the WTO legal…

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The Doha Round: Virtuous circle or infinite loop?

This chapter aims to provide a narrative of the 15 years of the Doha Round negotiations and to quantitatively illustrate how these negotiations have tried to reach a compromise regarding the market access pillar of the agricultural talks.

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Agricultural insurance and the WTO

Insurance programs have become an increasingly popular method for providing support to agricultural producers.1 Mahul and Stutley (2010) reported that in 2007 more than 100 countries had agricultural insurance programs available. In the United States…

book chapter

Food crisis and export taxation: The cost of noncooperative trade policies

Export restrictions are trade measures that are permanently adopted by countries throughout the world.1 Piermartini (2004) noted that approximately one-third of World Trade Organization (WTO) members impose export duties. Examples are export taxes…

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