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AIDS, poverty, and hunger

In a report written by international experts in agricultural economics, health, anthropology, and nutrition...the authors examine the impacts of HIV and AIDS on labor markets and wages, household income and consumption dynamics, and on the…

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Institutional reforms in Indian irrigation

Irrigation is critical to food security and economic growth in contemporary India. The performance of irrigation systems is of serious concern to farmers who rely on them for their crops and livelihoods and to governments that have invested heavily in…

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Land and schooling

The authors address questions such as: (1) how do parents allocate land and education between sons and daughters? (2) how do changing returns to land and human capital affect parents' investments in children? (3) what do gender differences in land and…

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Reforming agricultural markets in Africa

Since the early 1980s, almost all African governments have embarked on economic reform programs to reduce state intervention in the economy and to allow markets to play a larger role. In the agricultural sector these programs were designed to…

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The triangle of microfinance

The initial success of microfinance programs in the 1970s led pioneers to think that many essential problems of the poor might be resolved by access to credit alone-- the ability to acquire assets, to start businesses, to finance emergency needs and…

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Innovation in natural resource management

International agricultural research is expanding beyond the development of annual crop technologies for individual farms to the development of longer-tern natural resource management techniques for entire landscapes. But technologies of practices with…

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Six billion and counting

In 1999 global population surpassed 6 billion people, and this number rises by about 70-80 million people each year. "Six Billion and Counting" examines the consequences of continuing population growth for the world's resource systems and for national…

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The politics of precaution

In this original study Robert Paarlberg examines local policy responses to GM crop technologies in four important developing countries: Brazil, India, Kenya, and China.

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Land tenure and natural resource management

The devastating environmental effects of deforestation and the exploitation of other natural resources in the developing world have been well documented, yet their impact on local communities has received far less attention. This report looks at how…

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Seeds of contention

The authors assess the role various strategies can play in augmenting global food supplies and combating hunger.They attempt to defuse the contentious debate surrounding the development and spread of genetically modified (GM) foods,which, they argue,…

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