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journal article

Is there persistence in the impact of emergency food aid?

The primary goal of emergency food aid after an economic shock is often to bolster short-term food and nutrition security. However, these transfers also act as insurance against other shock effects, such as destruction of assets and changes in…

working paper

Food security

discussion paper

Assessing potential impact of avian influenza on poultry in West Africa

In this paper, the authors analyze the potential economic impacts of avian influenza (AI) in West Africa, taking Nigeria as an example. They find that, depending on the size of the affected areas, the direct impact of the spread of AI along the two…

book chapter

HIV/AIDS, Household Income, and Consumption Dynamics in Malawi

A survey of recent writings on the interactions between the AIDS epidemic and livelihoods in Africa leaves one with the impression that development practitioners, academics, and even casual observers of developments in Africa are hell-bent on pinning…

book chapter

Junior Farmer Field and Life Schools: Experience from Mozambique

In the last 20 years HIV/AIDS has progressed from seemingly isolated small epidemics to a more generalized epidemic. In countries hard hit by the epidemic, HIV/AIDS continues to contribute to the problems faced by youth. A serious consequence of the…

book chapter

Multisectoral HIV/AIDS Approaches in Africa: How Are They Evolving?

The response to HIV/AIDS in Africa has evolved considerably since the first cases were reported on the continent in the early 1980s. After the initial medical and public health responses through the mid-1990s, there was an enormous expansion in the…

book chapter

AIDS, Poverty, and Hunger: An Overview

The AIDS epidemic is a global crisis with impacts that will be felt for decades to come. More than 28 million people have died since the first case was reported in 1981. In 2005, AIDS killed 2.8 million people, and an estimated 4.1 million became…