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discussion paper

Trade and economic impacts of destination-based corporate taxes

Current US proposals for destination-based corporate taxes that effectively combine a value-added tax (VAT) and a wage subsidy raise important policy questions for countries considering them, and for their trading partners. This tax/subsidy package…

discussion paper

A chicken and maize situation: The poultry feed sector in Ghana

This study focuses on the feed milling industry, which serves as the link between maize and poultry, through a field assessment of feed millers in Ghana. The findings establish the importance of feed in the poultry value chain. In addition, they show…

discussion paper

The economic value of seasonal forecasts stochastic economywide analysis for East Africa

There is growing interest within the climate change and development community in using seasonal forecast information to reduce the losses to agriculture resulting from climate variability, especially within food-insecure countries. However, forecast…

discussion paper

Agricultural mechanization and agricultural transformation

A renewed focus on agriculture’s potential contribution to economic transformation in Africa has resulted in increased attention paid to agricultural mechanization. African agriculture still relies predominantly on human muscle power despite anecdotal…

discussion paper

Delegation of quality control in value chains

This paper studies the decision of a firm that sells an experience good to delegate quality control to an independent monitor. In an infinitely repeated game consumers’ trust provides incentives to (1) acquire information about whether the good is…

discussion paper

Formal versus informal: Efficiency, inclusiveness, and financing of dairy value chains in India

Despite a growing dairy industry in India, farmers’ lack of access to organized markets and institutional credit remains one of the major hindrances in improving the scale and productivity of dairying. Using data from a survey of 612 households from…

discussion paper

Challenges in implementing a small-scale farmers’ capacity-building program: The case of the food production, processing, and marketing project in the Democratic Republic of Congo

In 2011, in collaboration with the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), the Democratic Republic of Congo’s government launched the Food Production, Processing, and Marketing project—which aimed to raise incomes and improve food…

discussion paper

Gender roles and food safety in 20 informal livestock and fish value chains

Food-borne disease remains a major public health challenge in Africa and Asia. Most of the foods that carry the highest pathogen risk are produced by smallholder farmers, marketed through the informal sector, and sold in wet markets. Given the…

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